Readers ask: What Is Voting Rights Act Of 1965?

What is the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and why is it important?

An Act to enforce the fifteenth amendment of the Constitution of the United States, and for other purposes. Civil Rights Movement in Washington D.C. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.

What did the Voting Rights Act of 1975 do?

Congress extended Section 5 for five years in 1970 and for seven years in 1975. Congress also heard extensive testimony about voting discrimination that had been suffered by Hispanic, Asian and Native American citizens, and the 1975 amendments added protections from voting discrimination for language minority citizens.

What are three sections of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?

The Voting Rights Act of 1965

  • SECTION 1.
  • CONGRESSIONAL PURPOSE AND FINDINGS.
  • CHANGES RELATING TO USE OF EXAMINERS AND OBSERVERS.
  • RECONSIDERATION OF SECTION 4 BY CONGRESS.
  • CRITERIA FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT.
  • EXPERT FEES AND OTHER REASONABLE COSTS OF LITIGATION.
  • EXTENSION OF BILINGUAL ELECTION REQUIREMENTS.
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Why was the Voting Rights Act necessary?

Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 which aimed to increase the number of people registered to vote in areas where there was a record of previous discrimination.

When did black men get to vote?

Most black men in the United States did not gain the right to vote until after the American Civil War. In 1870, the 15th Amendment was ratified to prohibit states from denying a male citizen the right to vote based on “race, color or previous condition of servitude.”

What was in the Voting Rights Act?

It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting. This “act to enforce the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution” was signed into law 95 years after the amendment was ratified.

What year could Blacks vote?

The original U.S. Constitution did not define voting rights for citizens, and until 1870, only white men were allowed to vote. Two constitutional amendments changed that. The Fifteenth Amendment (ratified in 1870) extended voting rights to men of all races.

When was the Voting Rights Act overturned?

On June 25, 2013, the United States Supreme Court held that it is unconstitutional to use the coverage formula in Section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act to determine which jurisdictions are subject to the preclearance requirement of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, Shelby County v. Holder, 133 S. Ct. 2612 (2013).

How did the Voting Rights Act affect the number of black voters?

The Voting Rights Act prohibited the states from using literacy tests and other methods of excluding African Americans from voting. Prior to this, only an estimated twenty-three percent of voting-age blacks were registered nationally, but by 1969 the number had jumped to sixty-one percent.

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What states were affected by the Voting Rights Act of 1965?

1965

  • States: Alabama. Georgia. Louisiana. Mississippi. South Carolina. Virginia.
  • Counties: North Carolina: Anson County, North Carolina. Beaufort County, North Carolina. Bertie County, North Carolina. Bladen County, North Carolina. Camden County, North Carolina. Caswell County, North Carolina. Chowan County, North Carolina.

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